Preface

 

I   Preliminary Matters

 

Chapter 1   Introduction to the Ontario Small Claims Court

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

HISTORICAL OVERVIEW

JUDGES IN THE SMALL CLAIMS COURT

•    Superior Court of Justice Judges

•    Judges from the Former Provincial Court (Civil Division)

•    Deputy Judges of the Small Claims Court

•    Deputy Judges

SMALL CLAIMS COURT HEARINGS

•     Composition of the Small Claims Court for a Hearing

•     Court Hearings

•     Summary Hearings

•     Representation in the Small Claims Court

SMALL CLAIMS COURT JURISDICTION

•     Jurisdiction over Subject Matter

•     Monetary Jurisdiction

•     Territorial Jurisdiction

•     Jurisdiction to Grant Remedies

•     An Overview of the Small Claims Court Process: A Tale of Love Derailed

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 2   The Small Claims Court Client and the Client File

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

COMPETENCY TO ACT

INITIAL CONSULTATIONS

FORMALIZING THE CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CLIENT

•     Retainer Agreements

•     Financial Retainers

CASE INFORMATION

•     Interviewing Clients

•     Obtaining Client Documents

FILE ORGANIZATION

STORAGE OF CLOSED FILES

KEEPING ON TOP OF THE FILE

•     Limitation Periods

PROTOCOLS FOR CLIENT COMMUNICATION

•     Maintaining Communication with the Client

•     Confidentiality

•     Circumstances for Client Communication

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 3   Background Searches for the Small Claims Court File

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

OBTAINING BACKGROUND INFORMATION: PUBLIC RECORD SEARCHES

IDENTIFYING AND LOCATING THE DEBTOR

•     Searches by Name: Consumer Debtors

•     Vehicle History Abstracts

•     Searches by Name: Business Debtors

INFORMATION ABOUT THE DEBTOR’S ASSETS AND DEBTS

•     Is the Defendant Worth Suing?

•     Execution Search

•     Personal Property Security Act Search

•     Bank Act Search

•     Bulk Sales Act Searches

•     Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act Search

•     Credit Bureau Search

POST-SEARCH STRATEGIES

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 4   Introduction to Credit Transactions and Collections

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

THE SMALL CLAIMS COURT AND CREDIT COLLECTION

COLLECTION PROCEDURES AND STRATEGIES

•     Secured and Unsecured Debt

•     Administration of Credit Transactions: Debt, Interest, Terms of Payments

CREDIT COLLECTION: TIME AND MONETARY CONSIDERATIONS

THE COLLECTION AGENCIES ACT

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 5   Determining Damages and the Amount Owing

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

CALCULATING THE INTEREST OWING

•     Calculating Overdue “Net 30” Accounts

•     Calculating Simple Interest When There Is a Fixed Date for Repayment

•     Calculating Simple Interest over a Period of Years

•     Determining What Kind of Interest to Charge

DETERMINING THE AMOUNT OWING ON A DEBT

•     Determining the Amount Owing on Simplified Interest Running Accounts

INTEREST: HOW MUCH IS TOO MUCH?

MEASURING DAMAGES IN TORT AND CONTRACT

•     Heads (Categories) of Damages

•     Aggravated and Punitive Damages

•     Harm With No Damages

•     The Duty to Mitigate Damages

•     Apportioning Damages

 

•     Dependants’ Claim for Damages

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

II          Small Claims Court Proceedings: From Commencement of Proceedings to Trials

 

Chapter 6 Commencing Proceedings for the Plaintiff

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

SENDING A COLLECTION LETTER

COMMENCEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS IN SMALL CLAIMS COURT

•     Choice of Forum: The Basic Rule Is Sue Where the Defendant Resides or Where the Cause of Action Arose

•     Sue Where the Defendant Resides or Carries on Business

•     Commencing the Proceeding Where the Cause of Action Arose: Rule 6.01(a)(i)

•     Filing Requirements for An Action Commenced in the Court Located Nearest to Where a Defendant Resides or Carries on Business

•     Filing Requirements for An Action Commenced in the Jurisdiction in Which the Cause of Action Arose Resides or Carries on Business

•     The Balance of Convenience and Judicial Override

•     Suing the Proper Party

•     Parties Under Disability — Rule 4

•     Suing or Being Sued by Partnerships and Sole Proprietorships — Rule 5

PREPARATION AND DRAFTING OF THE CLAIM

•     The Plaintiff’s Claim (Form 7A)

•     Some Suggestions for Drafting the Reasons for Claim and Details

•     Drafting the Claim

ISSUING THE PLAINTIFF’S CLAIM

•     The Issuing Process

•     Court Fees to Issue Claims — Frequent and Infrequent Claimants

SERVICE OF THE CLAIM AND LATER DOCUMENTS — RULE 8

•     Personal Service — On Whom? Rule 8.02

•     Alternatives to Personal Service: Rule 8.03

•     Modes of Services: Rule 8.07 and Rule 8.08

•     Substitutional Service: Rule 8.04

•     When Served Documents Fail to Reach a Party

•     Notice of Change of Address

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 7   Default Proceedings

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

DEFAULT PROCEEDINGS

•     When May a Default Judgment Be Signed?

•     Conditions Precedent to Signing Default Judgment

•     Consequences of Being Noted in Default — Rule 11.05

•     Obtaining Default Judgment — Liquidated and Unliquidated Damages

OBTAINING A DEFAULT JUDGMENT — STEP BY STEP

•     Default Judgment for Damages for a Debt or Liquidated Claim

•     Service of the Default Judgment

•     Proceeding with Other Parts of the Claim

•     Default Judgment for an Unliquidated Claim

SETTING ASIDE A DEFAULT JUDGMENT

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 8   Preparing Defences and Defendant’s Claims

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

DEFENCES

•     Defence Options

•     Organizing and Preparing a Defence

•     Drafting and Filing a Defence

•     Forward? Dismissal by Clerk of Abandoned Cases

•     Disputing the Claim and Details

•     The Rules of Civil Procedure and Defences

•     Admitting Liability and Proposing Terms of Payment

DEFENDANT’S CLAIMS

•     Procedure for Completing Defendant’s Claims

•     Service of Defendant’s Claim

•     Disputing a Defendant’s Claim

•     Special Rules for Third Party Defences to Defendant’s Claims

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 9   Repairs, Amendments, Motions, and Discontinuance

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

THE RULES TOOLBOX

•     Rule 1.03: The General Principle

•     Rule 2.01: Effect of Non-compliance with the Rules

•     Rule 2.02: Dispensing with Compliance with the Rules

•     Rule 3.02(1): Power of the Court to Lengthen or Shorten Time

AMENDING PLEADINGS

•     How to Amend Pleadings

•     Striking Out or Amending Improper Pleadings

MOTIONS

•     Motion Documents

•     Motion Procedure

•     Motion Material

•     Methods of Hearing on Motions with Notice

•     Motions without Notice

•     Consent Motions

•     Unnecessary Motions and Costs on Motions

DISCONTINUANCE OF AN UNDEFENDED ACTION

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 10    Settlement

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

SETTLEMENT CONFERENCES

•     Encouraging Settlement

•     Scheduling of Settlement Conferences

•     Mandatory Attendance and Alternatives to Personal Attendance

•     Disclosure and Production

•     Adjournments, Non-attendance, Non-cooperation, Unpreparedness, Costs Consequences, and Second Conferences

•     Adjournment of Settlement Conference on Consent

•     The Conduct of a Settlement Conference

•     Using a Settlement Conference to “Clean Up” an Action

•     Obtaining a Final Determination at a Settlement Conference

•     Concluding a Settlement Conference

RULE 14 OFFER TO SETTLE — PLAYING “SETTLEMENT ROULETTE”

•     The Rule 14 Offer Procedure

•     Cost Consequences after Judgment on a Rule 14 Offer

SETTLEMENT DOCUMENTATION AND PRACTICE

•     Settlement Before the Action Begins

•     Settlement After the Action Begins

•     Settling After Judgment — Accord and Satisfaction

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 11    Preparation for Trial and Trial

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

PREPARING FOR TRIAL

•     Adjourning a Trial and Consequences of Non-attendance

•     Reviewing and Revising the Theory of the Case Prior to Trial

•     Evidentiary Considerations

•     Presenting the Case at Trial — A Step-by-Step Overview

PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT IN COURT PROCEEDINGS

•     Media Statements and Public Comment on Court Cases

•     Duty to Report Persons Not Authorized to Practise Law

•     General Courtesy and Good Faith Towards Others Involved in the Administration of Justice

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

III   Judgment and Enforcement

 

Chapter 12    Judgment, Post-Judgment Motions, and Appeals

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

JUDGMENT, PRE- AND POST-JUDGMENT INTEREST, AND COSTS

•     Judgment

•     Pre- and Post-Judgment Interest

•     Instalment Orders

•     Costs

•     Certificates of Judgment

APPEALS AND MOTIONS FOR A NEW TRIAL

•     Appeals

•     Motions for a New Trial

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 13    Post-Judgment Considerations

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

DEVELOPING A STRATEGY TO COLLECT A JUDGMENT DEBT

•     Specific Steps to Take After Obtaining Judgment

ENFORCEMENT REMEDIES

•     Basic Enforcement Procedure

•     Certificates of Judgment

•     Examination Hearing

•     Relief for Judgment Debtors

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 14    Writs of Delivery and Writs of Seizure and Sale

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

WRITS OF DELIVERY

•     Content of the Writ of Delivery

•     Enforcement of the Writ of Delivery

•     Taking Other Property “Hostage”

WRITS OF SEIZURE AND SALE — PERSONAL PROPERTY

•     Contents of the Writ of Seizure and Sale — Personal Property

•     Seizure and Sale Procedure

•     Considerations in Seizing and Selling Property

•     Personal Property Exempt from Seizure

WRITS OF SEIZURE AND SALE — REAL PROPERTY

•     Procedure for Writs of Seizure and Sale of Land

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Chapter 15    Garnishment

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

INTRODUCTION

WHEN TO USE A GARNISHMENT

GARNISHMENT PROCEDURE

COMMENCEMENT OF GARNISHMENT PROCEEDINGS

SERVICE OF THE NOTICE OF GARNISHMENT

GARNISHEE’S RESPONSE

GARNISHMENT DISPUTES AND HEARINGS

GARNISHMENT PAYMENTS AND DISTRIBUTIONS TO CREDITORS

RENEWAL OF GARNISHMENT

TERMINATION OF GARNISHMENT

CHAPTER SUMMARY

REVIEW QUESTIONS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS/CASE STUDIES

 

Appendices

 

Appendix 1 Days of the Year Chart

Appendix 2 Rules of the Small Claims Court

Appendix 3 Table of Forms

Appendix 4 Schedule of Small Claims Court Fees and Allowances

Appendix 5 Post-judgment and Pre-judgment Interest Rates

Appendix 6 Ontario Small Claims Court List

 

 

Glossary • Bibliography • Index