Natural Resources and Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, 2e
Readings, Cases, and Commentary

Robert Bone & Robert B. Anderson, Robert M. Bone   (Eds.)

Captus Press, ISBN 978-1-55322-172-2 (2009)
594 pages, 1000 g, 7 X 10, $59.50 (US$47.50)

A core text for undergraduate and college level courses in natural resources management, environmental studies and sustainable development

Today, natural resources have become the lifeline of global economic activities and the pillar of the Canadian economy, with impacts affecting both Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal people. Recognizing the importance of natural resources, Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal people each hold a different view of natural resources management.

Natural Resources and Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, 2e, details the complex inter-relationships among Aboriginal people, non-Aboriginal people, and natural resources, providing readers the necessary background for understanding the issues surrounding natural resources management in Canada. The book then presents emerging issues in the various resource sectors, renewable and non-renewable, including forestry, fisheries, hunting and trapping, oil and gas, mining, and water quality management.

The articles selected for this book reflect an ever-increasing range of business ventures and economic development by First Nations, Inuit, and Métis. They document the recent trend of Aboriginal people to incorporate traditional environmental knowledge, culture, and values into land claim agreements, advisory boards, co-management regimes, and environmental assessments — a clear demonstration of Aboriginal peoples’ pursuit for a sustainable development paradigm.

Ideal for natural resources management courses, this book is also suitable for courses exploring environmental and resource issues in political science, geography, economics, and sociology programs.

Table of Contents   top

1. Two World Views: Conflict, Accommodation and Synthesis


            1. Conflicting World Views

            (a) The Lockean Basis of Iroquoian Land Ownership

            John Douglas Bishop

(b) The Anti-politics of TEK: The Institutionalization of Co-management Discourse and Practice

            Paul Nadasdy


            2. Accommodation and Synthesis

            (a) Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Environmental Assessment and Management

            Peter J. Usher

            (b) The Politics of TEK: Power and the “Integration” of Knowledge

            Paul Nadasdy

(c) Cultures in Collision: Traditional Knowledge and Euro-Canadian Governance Processes in Northern Land-Claim Boards

            Graham White

            (d) Modern Aboriginal Economies: Capitalism with a Red Face

            David Newhouse

            (e) Successful Alliances Lead Economic Development:

            The Case of the Whitecap Dakota First Nation

            Tavia Inkster

            (f) Indigenous Communities, Development and the New Economy

            Robert B. Anderson, Scott MacAulay, Bob Kayseas and Kevin Hindle



2. Land Use and Renewable Resources


            3. Introduction

(a) Towards a New Supraregulatory Approach to Environmental Assessment in Northern Canada

            Lindsay Galbraith, Ben Bradshaw and Murray B. Rutherford

            (b) Responding to Climate Change in Nunavut: Policy Recommendations

            James Ford and Johanna Wandel

(c) The Nunavut Tunngavik Inc.: An Examination of Its Mode of Operation and Its Activities

            André Légaré


            4. Forestry

            (a) Aboriginal Forestry in Canada

            Michael J. McDonald 

            (b) The First Nation Forestry Program in Ontario

            Rick Greet                  

(c) Non-timber Forest Products and Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge

            Robin J. Marles

            (d) First Nations Economic Development: The Meadow Lake Tribal Council

            Robert B. Anderson and Robert M. Bone

            (e) Forestry Not Out of the Woods Yet

            Vern Bachiu


            5. Hunting/Trapping/Country Food

(a) “A Clear Intention to Effect Such a Modification”: The NRTA and Treaty Hunting  and Fishing Rights

            Robert Irwin

            (b) First Nations Claim Equal Rights to Manage National Parks

            Dennis White Bird

            (c) Towards a Model of Co-management of Provincial Parks in Ontario

            Roger Spielmann and Marina Unger

(d) The Inuit Commercial Caribou Harvest and Related Agri-food Industries in Nunavut

            Aldene Meis Mason, Leo Paul Dana and Robert Anderson

(e) The Harvest of Beluga Whales in Canada’s Western Arctic: Hunter-based Monitoring of the Size and Composition of the Catch

            Lois A. Harwood, Pamela Norton, Billy Day and Patricia A. Hall

            (f) Community Perceptions of the Beverly-Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board

            Anne Kendrick


            6. Water

            (a) Backgrounder: First Nations Water Quality

            National Aboriginal Health Organization

(b) Drinking Water in First Nations Communities: Urgent Need to Reduce the Risk of Unsafe Drinking Water in First Nations Communities

            Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development

            (c)  Water Issues and Treaty Negotiations: Lessons from the Yukon Experience

            Andrew R. Thompson and Nancy A. Morgan

            (d) Climate Change, Complexity and Cruising in Canada’s Arctic: A Nunavut Case Study

            Jackie Dawson, Emma J. Stewart, Patrick T. Maher and D. Scott Slocombe

            (e) The Blood Tribe Agricultural Project, Standoff, Alberta

            Anna Classen


            7. Fishery

            (a) Development of the Nephijee System for Arctic Charr; Kuujjuaq, Nunavik

            Miroslav Chum

            (b) Charting a Course: Shellfish Aquaculture and Indigenous Rights in New Zealand

            and British Columbia

            Chris Tollefson and Robert Scott

            (c)  Aboriginal Rights to Fish in British Columbia

            Douglas C. Harris



3. Non-Renewable Resources


            8. Oil and Gas

(a) Integrating Environmental and Social Sustainability: Corporations and Aboriginal People and the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline

            Robert B. Anderson and Robert M. Bone

            (b) Power Shifts in the Canadian North: A Case Study of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement

            Robert M. Bone


            9. Mining

            (a) An Inventory of Abandoned Mining Exploration Sites in Nunavik, Canada

            Gérard Duhaime, Nick Bernard and Robert Comtois

            (b) Aboriginal Partnerships in Canada: The Diavik Diamond Mine Example

            Richard Missens, Leo-Paul Dana and Robert Anderson

(c)  Nunavut Open for Business: It’s a Delicate Balance between Creating a Sustainable Mining Industry Yet Maximizing Our Resources Potential

            Paul Okalik


Instructor Resources   top

Related Resources   top

About the Author   top

Dr. Robert M. Bone is Professor Emeritus of the University of Saskatchewan.  His long-term involvement in the Circumpolar World but especially northern Canada stems from his Ph.D. dissertation that compared the economic development of the Canadian North with the Soviet Siberian North.  Dr. Bone served as Director of the Institute for Northern Studies at the University of Saskatchewan; was a long-term member of the Geography Department; and currently is teaching classes with the International Centre for Northern Governance and Development.


He is the author of many articles and several books, including The Canadian North: Issues and Challenges and The Regional Geography of Canada.


Dr. Robert B. Anderson is Professor of entrepreneurship and management accounting with the Hill/Levene Schools of Business of the University of Regina. He has a Ph.D. in regional economic development (geography), an MBA and is a Certified Management Accountant.

Dr. Anderson has authored or co-authored more than 150 peer-reviewed papers and 15 book chapters on economic development and entrepreneurship. He is the author of two books on the subject, co-author of a third and co-editor of a handbook research on indigenous entrepreneurship. More recent work has expanded to include intellectual property mobilization by universities, and corporate social responsibility and sustainable development